Question: What was the role of religion and its relation to our nation during its formative years?
This Library of Congress web site reveals the answer to this question-You Decide:
Faith of Our Forefathers: “Religion and the Founding of the American Republic”-Posted on Library of Congress:
These are pertinent excerpts from this web site:
“A major exhibition at the Library, “Religion and the Founding of the American Republic” will explore the role of religion and its relation to the nation during its formative years. View the exhibition online. As the Librarian of Congress writes in his foreword to the exhibition catalog, “The wide variety of materials in the superb collections of the Library of Congress creates a unique national resource for mounting an exhibit on religion and the founding of the United States.”
“The exhibition does not intend, however, to provide a comprehensive history of religion on the North American continent from the 17th to 19th centuries,” he writes.
Because the exhibition focuses on religion and government’s relation during the founding period, it does not cover in depth such subjects as the religion of Native Americans or religion in Spanish and French North America. “In planning the exhibition,” Dr. Billington continues, “it became apparent that justice could not be done to these and a number of other rich subjects in the context of a show focusing on church-state relations in the early republic.” The curator of the exhibition is Dr. James Hutson, chief of the Library’s Manuscript Division.
This article was extracted from exhibit texts.
America as a Religious Refuge: The 17th Century:
Many of the British North American Colonies that joined in 1776 to form the United States of America were settled in the 17th century for religious purposes by men and women who, in the face of European persecution, refused to compromise passionately held religious convictions and risked the perilous crossing of the Atlantic to practice their religion as they believed the Scriptures commanded.
The New England Colonies and New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Maryland were conceived and established “as plantations of religion.” Some who arrived in these areas came, of course, for secular motives — “to catch fish” as one New Englander put it — but the great majority of settlers left Europe to worship God as they wished and enthusiastically supported the efforts of their leaders to turn individual Colonies into “a city on a hill” or a “holy experiment,” whose success would prove to European enemies that God’s plan for his churches could be successfully realized in the American wilderness.
Even Colonies such as Virginia, which were planned as commercial ventures, were led by entrepreneurs who considered themselves “militant Protestants” and who worked diligently to promote the prosperity of the church. The faith in which the Colonies were founded gave them a religious orientation that remained strong when the government of the United States was created in the years after 1776. Boosted by the “golden age” of evangelicalism, religion thrived in 19th century America. Its impact remained so conspicuous in the early decades of this century that in 1922 a British observer called the United States “a nation with the soul of a church.”
The religious persecution in Europe that filled the British North American Colonies with settlers was motivated by the conviction, held by Protestants and Catholics alike, that a uniformity of religion must exist in any given society. This conviction rested on the belief that there was one true religion and that it was the duty of the civil authorities to impose it, forcibly if necessary, in their jurisdictions in the interest of saving the souls of all citizens. Nonconformists could expect no mercy and might be executed as heretics. The dominance of the concept, denounced by Roger Williams as “inforced uniformity of religion,” meant that in 17th century Europe (and in New England and Virginia as well) majority religious groups who controlled political power punished dissenters in their midst.
Crossing the Ocean to Keep the Faith: The Puritans:
Puritans were English Protestants who wished to reform — to purify — the Church of England of what they considered to be unacceptable residues of Roman Catholicism. In the 1620s leaders of the English state and church grew increasingly unsympathetic to Puritan demands and insisted that they conform to religious practices that they abhorred, removing their ministers from office and threatening them with “extirpation from the earth” if they did not fall in line. Zealous Puritan laymen received savage punishments; one, for example, in 1630 was sentenced to life imprisonment, had his property confiscated, his nose slit, an ear cut off and his forehead branded “S.S.” (sower of sedition).
Beginning in 1630, as many as 20,000 Puritans emigrated to America from England to gain religious freedom. Most settled in New England but some went as far as the West Indies. Theologically, the Puritans were “non-separating Congregationalists.” Unlike the Pilgrims, who came to Massachusetts from Holland in 1620, the Puritans believed that the Church of England was a true church, though in need of major reforms. Every New England Congregational church was considered an independent entity, beholden to no hierarchy. The membership was composed, at least initially, of men and women who had undergone a conversion experience and could prove it to other members. Puritan leaders hoped (futilely, as it turned out) that, once their experiment was successful, England would imitate it by instituting a church order modeled after the New England Way.
Persecution, American Style:
Although victims of religious persecution in Europe, the Puritans supported the Old World theory that sanctioned it, that of the necessity of a uniformity of religion in the state. The Puritan procedure was to expel dissenters from their colonies, a fate that in 1636 befell Roger Williams and in 1638 Anne Hutchinson, America’s first major female religious leader. Those who defied the Puritans by persistently returning to their jurisdictions risked capital punishment, a penalty imposed on four Quakers between 1659 and 1661. Reflecting on the 17th century’s intolerance, Thomas Jefferson was unwilling to concede to Virginians any moral superiority to the Puritans.
Jews Find a Refuge in 17th Century America:
The first Jews who settled in British North America were fleeing a possible pogrom in Brazil. For some decades, Jews had flourished in Dutch-held areas of Brazil, but a Portuguese conquest of the area in 1654 confronted them with the prospect of the introduction of the Inquisition, which had recently burned a Brazilian Jew at the stake (1647). A shipload of 23 Jewish refugees from Dutch Brazil arrived in New Amsterdam (soon to become New York) in 1654 and by the next year had established religious services in the city. By the time of the Declaration of Independence, they had established several thriving synagogues.
The Quakers (or Religious Society of Friends) coalesced in England in 1652 around a charismatic leader, George Fox (1624-1691). Many scholars today consider Quakers as radical Puritans because they carried to extremes many Puritan convictions. Theologically, they expanded the Puritan concept of a church of individuals regenerated by the Holy Spirit to the idea of the indwelling of the Spirit or the “Light of Christ” in every person.
Such teaching struck many of the Quakers’ contemporaries as the most dangerous sort of heresy and they were cruelly persecuted in England. By 1680, 10,000 Quakers had been imprisoned in England and 243 had died from torture and mistreatment in the king’s jails. This reign of terror impelled Friends to seek refuge in New Jersey in the 1670s, where they soon became well entrenched. By 1685, as many as 8,000 Quakers had come to live in Pennsylvania. Although the Quakers may have resembled the Puritans in some religious beliefs and practices, they differed with them over the necessity of compelling religious uniformity in society. The Quakers, as represented by their great leader William Penn, believed in religious liberty.
Roman Catholics in Maryland:
Although the Stuart kings of England were not haters of the Church of Rome, many of their subjects were, with the result that Catholics were harassed and persecuted in England throughout the 17th century. Driven by “the sacred duty of finding a refuge for his Roman Catholic brethren,” George Calvert (1580-1632), a principal lieutenant of James I until his religion cost him his job, obtained a charter from Charles I in 1632 for the territory between Pennsylvania and Virginia. The Maryland charter offered no guidelines on religion, although it was assumed that Catholics would not be molested in the new Colony.
Catholic fortunes fluctuated in Maryland during the rest of the 17th century, as they became an increasingly smaller minority of the population. After the Glorious Revolution of 1689 in England, the Church of England was legally established in the Colony and English penal laws that deprived Catholics of the right to vote, hold office or worship publicly were enforced. Until the American Revolution, Catholics in Maryland were dissenters in their own country, living at times under a state of siege, but keeping loyal to their convictions, a faithful remnant, awaiting better times.
Religion in 18th Century America:
Recently, scholars have changed their opinion about the condition of religion in 18th century America. Against what had become a prevailing view that 18th century Americans had not perpetuated the first settlers’ passionate commitment to their faith, scholars now stress the high level of religious energy in the Colonies after 1700. According to one expert, religion was in the “ascension rather than the declension”; another sees a “rising vitality in religious life” from 1700 onward; a third finds religion in many parts of the Colonies in the 18th century in a state of “feverish growth.”
Figures on church attendance and church formation support these opinions. It is estimated that between 1700 and 1740, 75 percent to 80 percent of the population attended churches, which were being built at a headlong pace. Anglican churches increased from 111 in 1700 to 406 in 1780; Baptist from 33 to 457; Congregationalist from 146 to 749; German and Dutch Reformed from 26 to 327; Lutheran from 7 to 240; and Presbyterian from 28 to 475.
Deism made its appearance in the 18th century. It was a religious movement, promoted by certain English and continental thinkers, that attracted a following in Europe toward the end of the 17th century and gained a small but influential number of adherents in America in the late 18th century. Deism rejected the orthodox Christian view of Christ, often viewing him as nothing more that a “sublime” teacher of morality.
Deism and some strains of “liberal religion,” which stressed morality and questioned the divinity of Christ, found advocates among upper class Americans, conspicuous among whom were Thomas Jefferson, John Adams and Ben Franklin, but supporters of these views were never more than “a minority within a minority” and were submerged by evangelicalism in the 19th century.
The Great Awakening (ca. 1735-1745): The Emergence of American Evangelicalism:
Toward mid-century the country’s first major religious revival, the Great Awakening, occurred. The Awakening swept the English-speaking world, as religious energy vibrated between England, Wales, Scotland and the American Colonies in the 1730s and 1740s. The Awakening, which signaled the advent of an encompassing evangelicalism in American life, invigorated even as it divided churches. The supporters of the Awakening and its evangelical thrust — Presbyterians, Baptists and Methodists — became the largest American Protestant denominations by the first decades of the 19th century; opponents of the Awakening or those split by it — Anglicans, Quakers and Congregationalists — were left behind.
Evangelicalism is difficult to date and define. In 1531, at the beginning of the Reformation, Sir Thomas More referred to religious adversaries as “Evaungelicalles.” Scholars have argued that, as a self-conscious movement, evangelicalism did not arise until the mid-17th century, perhaps not until the Great Awakening itself. According to experts, the fundamental aspect of evangelicalism is the conversion of individuals from a state of sin to the “new birth” by the preaching of the Word. The first generation of New England Puritans required that church members undergo a conversion experience that they could describe publicly. Their successors were not as successful in reaping harvests of redeemed souls. During the first decades of the 18th century, a series of local “awakenings” began in the Connecticut River Valley that broadened by the 1730s into what was interpreted as a general outpouring of the Spirit that bathed the American Colonies, England, Wales and Scotland and produced mass open-air revivals in which powerful preachers like George Whitefield brought thousands of souls to the new birth. The Great Awakening, which spent its force in New England by the mid-1740s, continued in subsequent decades in the South.
Religion and the American Revolution:
A debate about the role of religion in the American Revolution began while the war between Britain and the Colonies still raged. Opponents of the Revolution, the Tories, claimed that “republican sectaries,” specifically, Presbyterians and Congregationalists, had caused the conflict. In the 1960s, a scholar argued that evangelical Christians, converted during the Great Awakening, were responsible for the war. Although neither of these views has been widely accepted, there can be no doubt that religion played a major role in the Revolution by offering, through the sermons, pamphlets and actions of the American clergy, a moral sanction for opposition to the British, an assurance to the average American that opposition to the mother country was justified in the sight of God.
Religion and the Congress of the Confederation, 1774-1789:
The Continental-Confederation Congress, a legislative body that also exercised executive power, governed the United States from 1774 to 1789 and left an impressive list of accomplishments, not the least of which was winning the war with Great Britain, the greatest military power of the age. Congress, as it was always called, contained an extraordinary number of deeply religious men, some of whom — John Dickinson, Elias Boudinot and Charles Thomson, for example — retired from public life to write religious tracts and commentaries and publish new translations of the Bible.
The amount of energy that Congress invested in encouraging the practice of religion throughout the new nation exceeded that expended by any subsequent American national government.
Congress appointed chaplains to minister to itself and to the armed forces; it sponsored the publication of a Bible; it imposed Christian morality on the armed forces; and it granted public lands to promote Christianity among the Indians. Most conspicuous were the national days of thanksgiving and of “humiliation, fasting and prayer” that Congress proclaimed at least twice a year throughout the war. These proclamations were always accompanied by sermonettes in which Congress urged the American populace to confess and repent its sins as a way of moving God to grant national prosperity.
Scholars have recognized that Congress was guided by “covenant theology,” a Reformation doctrine especially dear to New England Puritans, which held that God had bound himself in an agreement with a nation and its people, stipulating that they “should be prosperous or afflicted, according as their general Obedience or Disobedience thereto appears.” Wars and revolutions were, accordingly, considered afflictions, as divine punishments for sin, from which a nation could rescue itself by repentance and reformation. Year in and year out, therefore, Congress urged its fellow citizens to repent “of their manifold sins” and strive that “pure undefiled religion, may universally prevail.”
The Continental-Confederation Congress, the first national government of the United States, was convinced that the “public prosperity” of a society depended on the vitality of its religion. Nothing less than a “spirit of universal reformation among all ranks and degrees of our citizens,” Congress declared to the American people on March 19, 1782, would “make us a holy, that so we may be a happy, people.”
Religion and the State Governments:
That religion was necessary for “public prosperity” was an opinion that found expression not only in Congress but in the state legislatures of the new American republic as well. The connection between religion and the public welfare seemed so obvious to the public at large that it was articulated by its representatives at every level of government.
The Church-State Debate in Massachusetts:
After independence the American Colonies, now states, were obliged to write constitutions, spelling out how they would be governed. In no place was constitution- making more difficult than in Massachusetts. That state’s Constitutional Convention included in the draft constitution submitted to the voters the famous Article Three, which authorized the levying of a general religious tax to be directed to the church of a taxpayers’ choice. Despite substantial doubt that Article Three had been approved by the required two-thirds of the voters, in 1780 state authorities declared it and the rest of the Constitution to have been duly adopted.
The Church-State Debate in Virginia:
The debate in Virginia over the relation of government to religion produced an outcome very much at odds with the results in the New England states and in Maryland and Georgia, challenging the frequently made assumption that Virginia set the pattern for church-state relations in the Revolutionary period.
In 1776 the Virginia Assembly moved toward the disestablishment of the Church of England, taking the decisive step in 1779 by depriving the Church’s ministers of tax support. Church-state relations were not settled, however, as an attempt in 1779 to pass a general religious tax demonstrated. Patrick Henry, the great orator of the American revolution, revived and pressed for a general religious assessment in 1784 and appeared to be on the verge of securing its passage, when his opponents neutralized his political influence by electing him governor. As a result, legislative consideration of Henry’s bill was postponed until the fall of 1785, giving its adversaries an opportunity to mobilize public opposition to it.
James Madison, the leading adversary of government-supported religion, rallied opponents in his celebrated Memorial and Remonstrance and in the fall of 1785 marshaled sufficient legislative support to administer a decisive defeat to the effort to lay religious taxes. In place of Henry’s bill, Madison and his allies passed in January 1786 Thomas Jefferson’s famous Act for Establishing Religious Freedom which brought the debate in Virginia to a close by severing, once and for all, the links between government and religion.
Religion and the Federal Government:
In response to widespread sentiment that, to survive, the United States needed a stronger federal government, a convention met in Philadelphia in the summer of 1787 and on Sept. 17, 1787, adopted the Constitution of the United States. Aside from Article VI, which prohibited religious tests for federal office holders, the Constitution said little about religion. Its reserve troubled those Americans who wanted the new instrument of government to give faith a larger role and those who feared that it would do so. This latter group, worried that the Constitution did not prohibit the kind of state-supported religion that had flourished in some Colonies, exerted so much pressure on the members of the First Federal Congress that they adopted in September 1789 the First Amendment to the Constitution, which, when ratified by the required number of states in December 1791, forbade Congress to make any law “respecting an establishment of religion.”
The first two Presidents of the United States were patrons of religion — Washington was an Episcopal vestryman and Adams described himself as “a church going animal.” Both offered strong rhetorical support for religion. In his Farewell Address (September 1796) Washington called religion, as the source of morality, “a necessary spring of popular government,” while Adams claimed that statesmen “may plan and speculate for Liberty, but it is Religion and Morality alone, which can establish the Principles upon which Freedom can securely stand.”
Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, the third and fourth presidents, are generally considered less hospitable to religion than their predecessors, but evidence shows that, while in office, both offered religion powerful symbolic support. During his two administrations (1801-1809), Jefferson was a “most regular attendant” at church services in the House of Representatives at which, surviving records show, evangelical Christianity was forcefully preached. Madison followed Jefferson’s example, although unlike Jefferson, who road on horseback to church in the Capitol, Madison came in a coach and four. Jefferson permitted church services to be conducted by various denominations in government buildings, such as the Treasury and the War Department. During his administration, the Gospel was also preached in the Supreme Court chambers. It is, in fact, accurate to say that on Sundays in Washington during the Jefferson and Madison administrations the state became the church.
Recently, scholars have contended that Jefferson adopted a more positive view of Christianity in the 1790s as a result of reading Joseph Priestly’s arguments that many of the miraculous features of Christianity to which Jefferson objected were not authentic, having been added at a later time by a self-interested priesthood. Whatever the reason, after becoming president in 1801, Jefferson began making statements about the social value of Christianity.
Religion and the Constitution:
When the Constitution was submitted to the American public, “many pious people” complained that the document had slighted God, for it contained “no recognition of his mercies to us … or even of his existence.” The Constitution was reticent about religion for two reasons: many delegates were committed federalists who believed that the power to legislate on religion, if it existed at all, lay within the domain of the state, not the national, governments. Second, the delegates believed that it would be a tactical mistake to insert such a politically controversial issue as religion in the Constitution. The only “religious clause” in the document — the proscription of religious tests as qualifications for federal office in Article Six — was, in fact, intended to defuse controversy by disarming potential critics who might claim religious discrimination in eligibility for public office.
Religion and the Bill of Rights:
Although there were proposals for making the ratification of the Constitution contingent on the prior adoption of a bill of rights, supporters of a bill of rights acquiesced with the understanding that the first Congress under the new government would attempt to add to it a bill of rights.
James Madison took the lead in steering a bill of rights through the First Federal Congress, which convened in the spring of 1789. The Virginia Ratifying Convention and Madison’s constituents, among whom there were large numbers of Baptists who wanted freedom of religion secured, expected him to push for a bill of rights. There was considerable opposition in Congress to a bill of rights of any sort on the grounds that it was “unnecessary and dangerous.” The persistence of Madison and his allies nevertheless carried the day and on Sept. 28, 1789, both houses of Congress voted to send 12 amendments to the states. Those ratified by the requisite three fourths of the states became in December 1791 the first ten amendments to the Constitution.
Religion was addressed in the First Amendment in the following familiar words: “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion.” In notes for his speech, June 8, 1789, introducing the bill of rights, Madison indicated that a “national” religion was what he wanted to prevent and it is clear that most Americans joined him in considering that the major goal was to forestall any possibility that the federal government could act as several Colonies had done by choosing one religion and making it an official “national” religion that enjoyed exclusive financial and legal support. The establishment clause of the First Amendment meant at least this: that no one religion would be officially preferred above its competitors. What ever else it may — or may not — have meant is obscured by a lack of documentary evidence and is still a matter of dispute.
Washington’s Farewell Address:
Washington’s Farewell Address is one of the most important documents in American history because the recommendations made in it by the first president, particularly in the field of foreign affairs, have exerted a strong and continuing influence on American statesmen and politicians. The Farewell Address, in which Washington informed the American people that he would not seek a third term and offered advice on the country’s future policies, was published in David Claypoole’s Philadelphia American Daily Advertiser on Sept. 19, 1796, and was immediately reprinted in newspapers and as a pamphlet throughout the United States. The Address was drafted in July 1796 by Alexander Hamilton (Washington also had at his disposal an earlier draft by James Madison) and was revised for publication by the president himself.
The “religion section” of the Farewell Address was for many years as familiar to the American people as Washington’s warning that the United States should avoid entangling alliances with foreign nations. The first president advised his fellow citizens that “Religion and morality” were the “great Pillars of human happiness, these firmest props of the duties of Men and citizens.” “National morality,” he added, could not exist “in exclusion of religious principle.” “Virtue or morality,” he concluded, as the products of religion, were “a necessary spring of popular government.”
Evangelicalism and the Emergence of the African American Church:
Scholars disagree about the extent of the native African content of black Christianity as it emerged in 18th century America, but there is no dispute that the Christianity of the black population was grounded in evangelicalism. The Second Great Awakening, beginning about 1800, has been called the “central and defining event in the development of Afro-Christianity.” During these revivals Baptists and Methodists converted large numbers of blacks; according to a contemporary estimate, there were by 1815 40,000 black Methodists and an equal number of black Baptists. Many African Americans were, nevertheless, disappointed at the treatment they received from their fellow believers, especially at the backsliding in the commitment to abolish slavery that inspired many white Baptists and Methodists immediately after the American Revolution. Blacks responded by trying to establish as much autonomy as possible within the Baptist and Methodist denominational frameworks.
When discontent could not be contained, forceful black leaders followed what was becoming an American habit of forming new denominations. In 1816, for example, Richard Allen (1760-1831) and his colleagues in Philadelphia broke away from the Methodist Church and founded the African Methodist Episcopal Church, which, along with independent black Baptist congregations, flourished as the century progressed. By 1846, the A.M.E. Church, which began with eight clergy and five churches, had grown to 176 clergy, 296 churches and 17,375 members.
Another distinctive religious group, the Mormons, arose in the 1820s during the “Golden Day of Democratic Evangelism.” The founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Joseph Smith (1805-1844), and many of his earliest followers grew up in an area of western New York called the “Burned Over District,” because it had been scorched by so many revivals. Yet the Mormon Church cannot be considered as the product of revivalism or as a splintering off from an existing Protestant denomination. It was sui generis, inspired by what Smith described as revelations on a series of gold plates, which he translated and published as the Book of Mormon in 1830. The new church conceived itself to be a restoration of primitive Christianity, which other existing churches were considered to have deserted. The Mormons subscribe to many orthodox Christian beliefs but profess distinctive doctrines based on post-biblical revelation.
Persecuted from its inception, the Mormon Church moved from New York to Ohio to Missouri to Illinois, where it put down strong roots at Nauvoo. In 1844 the Nauvoo settlement was devastated by its neighbors, Smith and his brother being murdered in the havoc. This attack prompted the Mormons, under the leadership of Brigham Young, to migrate to Utah, where the first parties arrived in July 1847. The church has thrived since the removal to Utah and today is a flourishing, worldwide denomination.
Benevolent societies were a new and conspicuous feature of the American landscape during the first half of the 19th century. Voluntary, ecumenical organizations devoted originally to the salvation of souls, but in due course to the eradication of every kind of social ill, the benevolent societies were formed by the pooling of resources of evangelicalism’s legions. The benevolent societies were the direct result of the extraordinary energies generated by the evangelical movement, specifically, by the “activism” resulting from conversion. “The evidence of God’s grace,” the Presbyterian evangelist, Charles G. Finney insisted, “was a person’s benevolence toward others.”
The earliest and most important of the benevolent societies focused their efforts on the conversion of sinners to the new birth or to the creation of conditions (sobriety sought by temperance societies) in which conversions could occur. The six largest societies in 1826-27 (based on their operating budgets) were all directly concerned with conversion: the American Education Society, the American Board of Foreign Missions, the American Bible Society, the American Sunday-School Union, the American Tract Society and the American Home Missionary Society.
Three of these groups subsidized evangelical ministers, one specialized in evangelical education and two supplied evangelical literature that the other four used. In seeking to convert the American people, the benevolent societies were consciously trying to create, simultaneously, a moral and virtuous citizenry on which republican government was thought to depend. They proudly asserted that they were “doing the work of patriotism no less than Christianity.”
“Religion and the Founding of the American Republic” is on view June 4 through Aug. 22 in the Northwest Gallery of the recently restored Thomas Jefferson Building, Monday through Saturday, 10 a.m. – 5 p.m. The Library is closed on Sundays and federal holidays. The exhibition is free and no tickets are required. A companion volume, from which this article is excerpted, is available for $20 from the Library’s sales shops. Development and publication of the volume was made possible by a generous gift from Mr. and Mrs. Henry J. “Bud” Smith and the Pew Charitable Trusts. View the exhibition online. The exhibition is supported by generous grants from Mr. and Mrs. Henry J. Smith of Dallas, the Pew Charitable Trusts of Philadelphia and the Lilly Endowment of Indianapolis. After closing in Washington, the exhibition will travel to venues around the nation.
1607 Virginia founded. Church of England planted in British North America.
1620 Plymouth settled by Pilgrims.
1629-1630 Massachusetts Bay Colony founded. Congregationalism planted in British North America.
1634 Maryland founded. Roman Catholic Church planted in British North America.
1636 Roger Williams expelled from Massachusetts. He founds Rhode Island as a haven for religious dissidents.
1654 Jews, fleeing religious persecution in Brazil, arrive in New York City.
1659- 1662 Quakers hanged in Massachusetts, persecuted in Virginia; victims of the prevailing belief in enforced religious uniformity.
1681 William Penn, leader of the Quakers, receives a charter for Pennsylvania; Penn establishes religious liberty in the Colony.
1683 Members of German sects begin arriving in Pennsylvania, attracted by religious liberty.
1689 English Parliament passes the Toleration Act, which improves the conditions of dissenters throughout the American Colonies.
1735-1745 The Great Awakening, a religious revival throughout the English-speaking world, invigorates and polarizes religious life in America.
1755 Separate Baptists, a product of the Great Awakening, proselytize in the South.
1758 Presbyterian Church, split by the Great Awakening into New and Old Sides, reunites.
1766 First Methodist meeting (in New York City) in the American Colonies.
1776 American independence declared.
1780 Massachusetts Constitution adopted; state support of religion provided.
1784 Methodist Episcopal Church established.
1786 Jefferson’s Bill for Establishing Religious Freedom passed by Virginia Assembly; state support of religion prohibited.
1787 U.S. Constitution adopted; religious tests for public service under the federal government prohibited.
1788-1789 Protestant Episcopal Church established; ties with church of England cut; Presbyterian Church also established on a new footing.
1789 Bill of Rights passed by Congress; proscribes congressional “establishment” of religion and congressional interference with the “free exercise thereof.”
1800 Major revivals in Kentucky, which spread east and initiate a long period of evangelical dominance in American religion.
1816 African Methodist Episcopal Church established.
1830 Joseph Smith founds Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormons).
1832 Disciples of Christ established.
1833 Massachusetts becomes the final jurisdiction to renounce state support of religion.
1835 Tocqueville’s Democracy in America published, in which the famous French commentator observed that Americans considered religion “indispensable to the maintenance of republican institutions.”
Note: The following eye-opening DVD reveals the Hidden Faith of the Founding Fathers and is perhaps the first and only documentary to go where no film has ever gone before, confronting the little known beliefs of America’s founders. Conservative Christian leaders often claim that the revolutionaries were godly men who were trying to build a Christian nation. But was their faith the true faith of the Bible? Or is it possible that the exact opposite is true?
The real questions are: What did the founders believe about Jesus Christ? Christianity begins with faith in the Person of Christ Himself: what did the founders think of Him? What did they think of the Gospel? Were they fighting for Christianity, or against it?
Included in this DVD:
1) The faith of Thomas Paine — the man who inspired the American Revolution, and the writing of the Declaration of Independence. This film shows how Paine’s influence over the Revolution was critical, while his anti-Christian writings revealed much of what the other founders truly believed;
2) The faith of Thomas Jefferson — author of the Declaration of Independence. Jefferson said the Book of Revelation was “the ravings of a maniac” and that the teachings of Jesus and the Apostles were full of “imposture” and “stupidity.” After his private papers were published, he was called “the reviler of Christ” by a leading clergyman;
3) The faith of Benjamin Franklin — the only man to sign all of the original founding documents. Franklin was part of a radical occult group known as “The Hellfire Club” in England that took part in satanic rituals, which may have included human sacrifice. Shortly before he died, he openly stated that he did not believe the Gospel;
4) The faith of John Adams — the second President of the United States. The evidence shows that Adams was no Christian at all, but rather exalted pagan beliefs about God, while abhorring the Gospel, calling it an “awful blasphemy”;
5) The faith of George Washington — known as “the Father of our country.” Three of Washington’s own pastors doubted his faith in Christ. Proof is shown that he went to war, not for Christianity, but for a “universal” system that would embrace all religions. When compelled by the clergy to confess his faith in Christ, Washington refused;
6) Washington & the Jesuits: Generally unknown is the role of Rome and the Jesuit Order in the American Revolution. Powerful historic evidence shows that George Washington worked with Jesuits to prevail against their common enemy, England. This information is ground-breaking and documented beyond any doubt;
7) Bartonian History: we confront David Barton’s fabled view of American history, giving examples (including his appearance on the Glenn Beck program) of how he misquotes the founders to make it appear as if they supported Christianity, when it is provable that they did not;
8) The Question of Freemasonry: Also included is an expose of David Barton’s book on the role of Freemasonry, contending on key points against his assertion that Masonry played no significant role in the founding of the country; and
9) Biblical World View: Confronts the idea often suggested that the founders were “deists,” or “agnostics” — whereas, according to the Bible, they were antichrists.-You Decide:
Video: The Hidden Faith of The Founding Fathers!-Posted on YouTube.com-By Rachel Lubbe-On January 9, 2012:
Note: The following newly established website exposes how Marxism has infiltrated the American church-You Decide:
Exposing Marxism In The Church!-Posted on Religious Left Expose:
Bitter Harvest: How Marxist “Progressives” Have Infiltrated the American Catholic Church!-Posted on Religious Left Exposed-By William Mayer:
Note: The following articles and/or blog posts and reports reveal that George Soros has a pastor close to President Obama on his payroll, along with exposing the President, Soros and the Religious Left, to include how Marxist “Progressives” have infiltrated the American Catholic Church. Also included is a report that exposes the religious face of the New World Order-You Decide:
Soros Has a Pastor Close to Obama On His Payroll!-Posted on American Thinker-By Ed Lasky-On August 25, 2010:
Why Do Catholics Keep Funding the Radical Left?-Posted on American Thinker-By Kathryn Scharplaz-On November 20, 2011:
Barack Obama, George Soros and the Religious Left!-Posted on American Thinker-By Jason Lee-On June 12, 2011:
The Religious Face of The New World Order: From the Vatican to the White House to the United Religions Initiative!-Posted on America’s Survival-By Cliff Kincaid:
Catholics For Obama (CFO!-Posted on Discover The Networks:
Note: What follows is a four-part series of articles regarding The Resurrection of Christ: Hoax or History:
Note: The following article and/or blog post compares the Christian scriptures with the teachings of Muhammad and gives us a major reason for why adopting Shariah Law in the U.S. would further erode our democratic republic and ultimately trash our Constitution, along with a video that reveals that there is Islamic indoctrination currently going on in our schools-You Decide:
Islam and Christianity “The Koran vs. The Bible” A Comparison of the Christian Scriptures with the Teachings of Muhammad-By Diane S. Dew-2001:
Islamist Indoctrination In American Schools!-Posted on YouTube.com-By OccidentalSoapbox-On Oct 24, 2008:
Note: What follows are two articles and/or blog posts that compare our Founders with NBC and New York Atheists that were written by Chuck Norris-You Decide:
Our Founders vs. NBC and New York Atheists! (Part 1 of 2)-Posted on Town Hall-By Chuck Norris-On June 28, 2011:
Our Founders vs. NBC and New York Atheists! (Part 2 of 2)-Posted on WND.com-By Chuck Norris-On July 4, 2011:
Note: Must listen to audios by Steve Quayle:
Audio: “HELP Me, Lord” By Steve Quayle (Part 1 of 3)!-Posted on YouTube.com-By PIWarsVideo-On May 31, 2012:
Audio: “HELP Me, Lord” By Steve Quayle (Part 2 of 3)!-Posted on YouTube.com-By PIWarsVideo-On May 31, 2012:
Audio: “HELP Me, Lord” By Steve Quayle (Part 3 of 3)!-Posted on YouTube.com-By PIWarsVideo-On May 31, 2012:
Audio: The Fear of The Lord By Steve Quayle (Part 1 of 2)!-Posted on YouTube.com-By PIWarsVideo-On June 7, 2012:
Audio: The Fear of The Lord By Steve Quayle (Part 2 of 2)!-Posted on YouTube.com-By PIWarsVideo-On June 7, 2012:
Note: What follows are numerous articles and/or blog posts and videos that relate to and/or support the above articles and/or blog posts and videos-You Decide:
We will be judged by our silence!-Posted on Homeland Security US-By y Douglas J. Hagmann-On March 27, 2013:
Audio: White smoke, black robes of first Jesuit Pope!-Posted on Hagmann and Hagmann Report-On March 14, 2013:
CHRISTIANS ON TRIAL FOR ‘ACTION AGAINST NATIONAL SECURITY’: ‘Government is looking to stop the spread of Christianity’!-Posted on WND.com-By MICHAEL CARL-On March 10, 2013:
Audio: As heard on The Hagmann & Hagmann Report last month: Pope Benedict XVI will resign!-Posted on Northeast Intelligence Network-By Douglas J. Hagmann-On February 11, 2013:
Was Pope Benedict fired by the Knights of Malta?-Posted Veterans Today-By Kevin Barrett-On February 11, 2013:
CNN Uses Resignation News to Trash Pope, Catholic Church!-Posted on Big Journalism-JOHN NOLTE-On February 11, 2013:
Jamie Foxx: Obama is Lord and Savior!-Posted on CP Entertainment-By Stoyan Zaimov, Christian Post Reporter-On November 26, 2012:
FOR FOURTH STRAIGHT YEAR, OBAMA’S THANKSGIVING MESSAGE DOESN’T THANK GOD!
ILLINOIS TOWN ENDS CHRISTMAS TRADITION TO APPEASE ATHEISTS!-Posted on Big Government-By MARY CHASTAIN-On November 20, 2012:
We Have Turned Our Backs on God!-Posted on NewsMax.com-By Todd Beamon and Kathleen Walter-On November 15, 2012:
Atheist Website Aims To Turn Kids Away From God!-Posted on Western Journalism-By B. CHRISTOPHER AGEE -On November 15, 2012:
ATHEISTS PETITION OBAMA TO NIX ‘GOD’ & THE BIBLE FROM PRESIDENTIAL INAUGURATION OATH: ‘RELIGIOUS RHETORIC IS EMPTY’!-Posted on The Blaze-By Billy Hallowell-On November 14, 2012:
Video: Catholics Promise ‘Civil Disobedience’ Over ObamaCare!-Posted on Conservative 50 Plus Alliance-On November 14, 2012:
Anti-Christian Group Wants IRS to Go after Billy Graham!-Posted on Godfather Politics-By Gary Demar-On November 14, 2012:
Obama Re-election Sends U.S. Down ‘Path Of Destruction,’ Says Franklin Graham!-Posted on Western Journalism-By BREAKING NEWS-On November 9, 2012:
President Obama’s Faith And Fruit: Do Christians Know The Truth?-Posted on Western Journalism-By DAVID FIORAZO-On November 6, 2012:
Obama’s Unprecedented Collapse Among Catholic Voters Puts Midwest in Play!-Posted on Big Government-By JOEL B. POLLAK-On November 1, 2012:
2ND JUDGE HALTS ENFORCEMENT OF OBAMACARE MANDATE: ‘Confirms companies do have 1st Amendment rights!’-Posted on WND.com-By BOB UNRUH-On November 1, 2012:
OBAMA’S RING: ‘THERE IS NO GOD BUT ALLAH’: ‘He’s worn it on his wedding-ring finger since before he met Michelle!’-Posted on WND.com-By Jerome R. Corsi-On October 9, 2012:
CATHOLIC BISHOP: VOTING FOR OBAMA, DEMS COULD PLACE ‘ETERNAL SALVATION OF YOUR OWN SOUL IN SERIOUS JEOPARDY’!-Posted on The Blaze-By Billy Hallowell-On September 28, 2012:
President Obama Says We “must” Condemn “those who slander the prophet of Islam,” Among Others!-Posted on Reason.com-By Matt Welch-On September 25, 2012:
OBAMA MINIONS: GOV’T ‘CAN OVERRIDE YOUR RELIGION’: ‘Court brief says corporations not allowed to reflect faith of their owners!’-Posted on Wnd.com-By Bob Unruh-On September 6, 2012:
Allen West Blasts Dem Platform In New Ad: ‘Three Times They Said No To God’!-Posted on The Blaze-By Jason Howerton-On September 6, 2012:
Democrats Boo Vote To Restore ‘God’!-Posted on WND.com-On September 5, 2012:
Exclusive: Democrats Drop ‘God’ From Party Platform!-Posted on CBN News -By David Brody, CBN News Chief Political Correspondent-On September 4, 2012:
U.S. troops punished for Qur’an-burning!-Posted on Jihad Watch-By Robert-On August 27, 2012:
Radical Islam Joins the DNC!-Posted on The RedState-By Breeanne Howe-On August 21, 2012:
Obama Bans Catholic Prayers at DNC Convention!-Posted on Vission To America-On August 26, 2012:
Pope Pius XII Was Framed by KGB!-Posted on NewsMax.com-By Edward Pentin-On August 24, 2012:
VIDEO REPORT CONFIRMS EGYPTIAN CRUCIFIXIONS: ‘Translated Sky News Arabia: ‘Crucifying dissidents in front of the presidential palace’!-Posted on WND.com-On August 22, 2012:
STATE’S HIGHEST COURT TO REVIEW FINE FOR FAITH: ‘Justices agree to reconsider penalty for New Mexico photographer’!-Posted On WND.com-By BOB UNRUH-On August 18, 2012:
Video: Capitalism vs. Communism and Religious Tolerance!-Posted on YouTube.com-By ATLAHWorldwide-On August 18, 2012:
ARAB SPRING RUN AMOK: ‘BROTHERHOOD’ STARTS CRUCIFIXIONS: ‘Opponents of Egypt’s Muslim president executed ‘naked on trees’!-Posted on WND.com-By MICHAEL CARL-On August 17, 2012:
Obama’s Actions Prove Further Shift From Christianity!-Posted on Western Journalism-By B. CHRISTOPHER AGEE-On July 24, 2012:
In Times Like This – Aurora Colorado!-Posted on Western Journalism-By DEBRA SMITH-On July 23, 2012:
Video: What Do Hitler And Obama Have In Common?-Posted on Western Journalism-By DANIEL NOE-On July 19, 2012:
Video: An Important Message For Christians!-Posted on Western Journalism-By DANIEL NOE-On July 19, 2012:
Chick-Fil-A Prez: America Is “Inviting God’s Wrath”!-Posted on Western Journalism-By B. CHRISTOPHER AGEE-On July 19, 2012:
Video: Phoenix Pastor Fighting For Faith!-Posted on Western Journalism-By KRIS ZANE-On July 16, 2012:
Phoenix Man Jailed And Fined For Home Bible Study!-Posted on Western Journalism-By SHAWN PAUL-On July 15, 2012:
Pelosi To Catholic Church: Drop Dead!-Posted on Western Journalism-By DR. KEVIN “COACH” COLLINS-On July 13, 2012:
A Country That Needs Healing!-Posted on Western Journalism-By KENNY PARKER-On July 9, 2012:
Video: (Did Jesus reveal) The Name of the Antichrist!
JESUS ‘OMITTED’ FROM NIAGARA FALLS CROSSING: ‘Are you that uncomfortable typing the name of Christ?’-Posted on WND.com-By Joe Kovacs-On June 17, 2012:
African-American Church Leaders Condemn Obama For Gay Marriage Support!-Posted on Western Jornalism-By BREAKING NEWS-On May 14, 2012:
IT’S OFFICIAL: OBAMA ‘1ST GAY PRESIDENT’: ‘Newsweek gives Barack outlandish title with rainbow halo!’-Posted on WND.com-By Joe Kovacks-On May 13, 2012:
CHRISTIAN MESSAGES BANNED IN BUFFALO: ‘Big Brother cops threaten arrests ‘by their orders’!-Posted on WND.com-By Bob Unruh-On May 13, 2012:
CITY RULES CHURCH NOT ‘CHARITABLE’ ENOUGH: ‘Insists congregation on hook for tax other non-profits don’t have to pay!’-Posted on WND.com-By Drew Zahn-On May 12, 2012:
‘WAR’ COMES TO AMERICA OVER RELIGIOUS HERITAGE: ‘Ads identify ‘Enemy No. 1’ to biblical foundations!’-Posted on WND.com-On May 11, 2012:
OBAMA ACCUSED OF TARGETING CHRISTIANS: ‘Intentionally used government power’ to force violations of religious faith!-Posted on WND.com-By Bob Unruh-On May 10, 2012:
A Report From The Front Lines In The War Between Catholics And Obama!-Posted on Western Journalism-By KEVIN “COACH” COLLINS-On May 3, 2012:
Video: ForgeryGate: Why Was This Anti-Obama Eligibility Youtube Channel Terminated?-Posted on Western Journalism-By DANIEL NOE-On May 1, 2012:
BISHOP SAYS OBAMA ON HITLERIAN PATH!-Posted on NewsWithViews.com-By Cliff Kincaid-On April 20, 2012:
Bishop Says Obama Leading America Down Path Of Hitler!-Posted on Western Journalism-By BREAKING NEWS-On April 19, 2012:
Video: Catholic Bishop: Obama Like Hitler, Stalin!-Posted on Western Journalism-By DANIEL NOE-On April 19, 2012:
Video: Test of Fire: Election 2012!-Posted on YouTube.com-By creativelab7-On March 10, 2012:
CAMPUS CHRISTIANS FORCED TO ACCEPT MUSLIM LEADERS? ‘They preach they are tolerant … except on my right to be religious’!-Posted on WND.com-By Drew Zahn-On April 20, 2012:
BILL LETS CHAPLAINS HOLD BIBLICAL VIEW OF ‘GAYS’: ‘Congressman says everyone’s constitutional rights should be protected!’-Posted on WND.com-By Bob Unruh-On March 17, 2012:
GOD’S REPUBLIC OF AMERICA!-Posted on News With Views-By Pastor Roger Anghis-On March 18, 2012:
ST. PAT’S DAY MASSACRE OF RELIGIOUS LIBERTY: ‘Obama expands contraception insurance mandate to Catholic university students!’-Posted on WND.com-By Drew Zahn-On March 17, 2012:
BILL LETS CHAPLAINS HOLD BIBLICAL VIEW OF ‘GAYS’: ‘Congressman says everyone’s constitutional rights should be protected!’-Posted on WND.com-By Bob Unruh-On March 17, 2012:
CHRISTIANS WHO SIGNED PETITIONS INVESTIGATED: ‘Opponents of El Paso mayor’s same-sex benefits plan targeted for prosecution!’-Posted on WND.com-By Bob Unruh-On March 10, 2012:
Media, Homosexuals Threaten Christian Minister!-Posted on Soros Files-By Cliff Kincaid-On March 15, 2012:
How Long Has Obama Been Fighting With Catholics? Consider The History!-Posted on The Blaze-By Mike Opelka-On March 14, 2012:
Barack Obama: “Sin is Being Out of Alignment With My Values”!-Posted on Godfather Politics-By Giacomo-On March 10, 2012:
Showdown Between Texas and the Obama Administration!-Posted on Godfather Politics-By DA TAGLIARE-On February 27, 2012:
Video: Rev. Graham: Obama Seen As “Son Of Islam!”-Posted on Western Journalism-By DANIEL NOE-On February 23, 2012:
But We Have Forgotten God!-Posted on Western Journalism-By HIGHEST BRANCH-On February 23, 2012:
Video: Obamacare’s Impact on Religious Liberty!-Posted on The Heritage Foundation-By Tierra Warren-On February 22, 2012:
Video: Religious Liberty Under Attack!-Posted on The Heritage Foundation-By Mike Brownfield-On February 22, 2012:
Obamacare’s Latest Victim Is Religious Freedom!-Posted on The Heritage Foundation-By Mike Brownfield-On February 2, 2012:
Santorum: Obama ‘Trying to Crush the Traditional Judeo-Christian Values of America!’-Posted on The Washington Post-By Felicia Sonmez-On February 22, 2012:
AL SHARPTON RESPONDS TO FRANKLIN GRAHAM WITH ODD DESCRIPTION OF ‘REAL CHRISTIANS!’-Posted on The Blaze-By Billy Hallowell-On February 22, 2012:
Why did Russia and the West reverse roles?-Posted on LAIGLESFORUM-On February 21, 2012:
US Citizenship – American Law or Sharia Law?-Posted on Godfather Politics-By DA TAGLIARE-On February 1, 2012:
Pastor Rick Warren Says Allah and God Are One in the Same!-Posted on Godfather Politics-By DA TAGLIARE-On March 1, 2012:
Jim Wallis: “America has never been a Christian nation”!-Posted on The Blaze-By Billy Hallowell-On March 4, 2012:
Moral Hypocrisy!-Posted on Godfather Politics-By THE GODFATHER-On February 29, 2012:
US Military Burns Bibles but Condemns Burning Korans!-Posted on Godfather Politics-By THE GODFATHER-On February 24, 2012:
Obama Gestapo Arrests Group for Praying in Front of White House!-Posted on Godfather Politics-By DA TAGLIARE-On February 20, 2012:
Rev. Franklin Graham: Obama Helps Islamists, Ignores Christian Persecution!-Posted on NewsMax.com-On February 21, 2012:
Catholic, Lutheran, Baptist and Jewish Leaders Swear Disobedience to HHS Contraception Mandate!-Posted on CNSNews.com-By Susan Jones and Eric Scheiner-On February 16, 2012:
Polls Saying Catholics Side With Obama In Mandate Are Not Fooling “CINO” Democrats!-Posted on Western Journalism-By KEVIN “COACH” COLLINS-On February 16, 2012:
Catholic Bishops: Obama’s Contraception Mandate Change ‘Unacceptable!’-Posted on The Blaze-By Madeleine Morgenstern-On February 11, 2012:
The Church Of Obama!-Posted on Western Journalism-By MARK STEYN-On February 11, 2012:
Obama’s Anti-Religious Implosion!-Posted on Western Journalism-By MATT BARBER-On February 11, 2012:
The Catholic Bishops Vs. Obama? Justice Ginsberg Vs. Our “Rather Old Constitution”?-Posted on Western Journalism-By PAUL G. KENGOR-On February 11, 2012:
Video: Mark Levin-The Full Circle Of Tyranny!-Posted on Western Journalism-On February 11, 2012:
Gingrich to Newsmax: Obama ‘Relentlessly Hostile’ to Religion!-Posted on NewsMax.com-By Henry J. Reske and John Bachma-On February 11, 2012:
Catholic League’s Donohue: ‘Obama Must Think We’re Stupid’!-Posted on CNSNews.com-By David A. Patten-On February 10, 2012:
Video: Alarming new issues injected into presidential race!-Posted on FoxNews.com-On February 9, 2012:
Obama: Americans—Including Catholics—Will Still Be Forced to Buy Coverage for Sterilization, Contraception, Abortifacients!-Posted on CNSNews.com-By Fred Lucas-On February 10, 2012:
OBAMA CALLED OUT ON ‘SLEIGHT OF HAND’ OVER ABORTIONS: ‘He ‘is still forcing people of faith to subsidize practices that violate their beliefs!’-Posted on WND.com-By Anita Crane-On February 10, 2012:
House GOP lawmakers unimpressed with change to contraception mandate!-Posted on The Hill-By Sam Baker-On February 10, 2012:
Video: Obama Avoids Questions on Contraception Rule: ‘Reporters try to get a comment, Obama says, “Come on, guys,” avoids answering.’-Posted on ABC News-On February 9, 2012:
The Church & Obama’s “Transformative” Rules!-Posted on The Wall Street Journal-By Daniel Henninger, WSJ-On February 9, 2012:
Boehner: Rescind Contraception Mandate Entirely So Catholic Individuals—as Well as Institutions—Are Not Forced to Act Against Faith!-Posted on CNSNews.com-By Terence P. Jeffrey-On February 9, 2012:
Republican Party Chairman: Obama Contraceptive Mandate ‘Unconscionable and Offensive!’-Posted on CNSNews.com-By Matt Cover-On February 9, 2012:
Concerns About Religious Freedom? Not for Senate Dems, Who Use Contraceptive Mandate As Fundraising Pitch!-Posted on CNSNews.com-By Matt Cover-On February 9, 2012:
Is the Obama Administration Using Gestapo Tactics?-Posted on Godfather Politics-By GARY DEMAR-On February 9, 2012:
154 Congressmen Send Letter to HHS Protesting HHS Contraception Mandate!-Posted on CNSNews.com-By Matt Cover-On February 8, 2012:
White House Lays Low as Birth Control Dispute Heats Up!-Posted on RealClear Politics-By Alexis Simendinger-On February 8, 2012:http://www.realclearpolitics.com/articles/2012/02/08/white_house_lays_low_as_birth_control_dispute_heats_up_113072.html
Gloves Off: Sen. Rand Paul Blasts HHS Mandate As ‘Authoritarian’ & ‘Totalitarian!’-Posted on The Blaze-By Becket Adams-On February 8, 2012:
Sen. Levin: Military Chaplains Shouldn’t ‘Violate the Tenets of their Troops!’-Posted on CNSNews.com-By Thomas Cloud and Patrick Burke-On February 7, 2012:
NBC Brings On Left-Wing Host to Slam ‘Far-Right’ Objections to Obama Birth Control Mandate!-Posted on The Media Research Center-By Kyle Drennen-On February 7, 2012:
Obama Signals He May Back Down On Contraception Mandate!-Posted on NewsMax.com-By Martin Gould-On February 7, 2012:
Obamacare Awakens a Sleeping Giant!-Posted on The Heritage Foundation-By Mike Brownfield-February 7, 2012:
Military chaplains told not to read criticism of contraceptive mandate in Mass!-Posted on FoxNews.com-By –On February 7, 2012:
Obama’s Central Religious Belief?-Posted on The Patriot Update-By Tad Cronn-On February 7, 2012:
Santorum: Obama Most Anti-Religion President in History!-Posted on NewsMax.com-By Martin Gould and Steve Malzberg-On February 3, 2012:
Donohue: Contraception Mandate Will Be Fought With ‘Lawsuits” & ‘Maybe Even In The Streets!-Posted on The Blaze-By Billy Hallowell-On February 7, 2012:
Pa. Bishop Does Not Recant Saying that Hitler And Mussolini ‘Would Love Our (Public School) System!’-Posted on CSNews.com-By Patrick Burke-On February 6, 2012:
Archbishop to U.S. Troops: Obamacare Reg ‘Is a Blow to a Freedom…for Which You Have Seen Your Buddies Fall in Battle!’-Posted on CNSNews.com-By Terence P. Jeffrey-On February 6, 2012:
Archbishop Broglio Calls on Faithful to Stand Against Federally Mandated Health Insurance for Sterilization, Abortifacients and Contraception!-Posted on Archdiocese For The Military Services, USA-By Most Reverend Timothy P. Broglio, J.C.D.-On January 26, 2012:
Obama Justifies Policies by Misapplying Christianity!-Posted on Townhall-By Kate Hicks, Web Editor, Townhall.com-On February 2, 2012:
Pelosi Vows to Stand With Obama Against Catholic Church; Says Decision Forcing Catholics to Act Against Faith Was ‘Very Courageous!’-Posted on CNSNews.com-By Thomas Cloud-On February 2, 2012:
Pope: Some U.S. Cultural Trends ‘A Threat Not Just to Christian Faith, But Also to Humanity Itself!’-Posted on CNSNews.com-By Terence P. Jeffrey-On January 27, 2012:
Obama Orders Catholics to Act Against Their Faith; Bishops Call it ‘Unconscionable!’-Posted on CNSNews.com-By Terence P. Jeffrey-On January 22, 2012:
Obama Once Accused Christian Right of Intolerance, Narrow-Mindedness!-Posted on FxNews.com-By Todd Starnes-On January 21, 2012:
When the Government Decides Who Lives and Who Dies!-Posted on Catholic Online-By Peg Luksik-On January 22, 2012:
Supreme Court Tells Obama ‘No!’-Posted on Personal Liberty Digest-By Chip Wood –On January 20, 2012:
Courts Say Christian Church Not Allowed to Practice Christianity!-Posted on Christian Revolution-On January 16, 2012:
Western Civilization vs. Islam, Why the Clash of Civilizations?-Posted on The Examiner-By Gary Hill, Northern Maine Christianity Examiner-On January 12, 2012:
Video: Gingrich Blasts Media For Anti-Christian Bias At NH Debate!-Posted The Patriot Update-On January 8, 2012:
Obama’s Relentless Attack on Christian Values!-Posted on JoshuasTrail.org:
Video: Obama Mocks & Attacks Jesus Christ And The Bible!-Posted on Christian Clips.com:
Air Force base refuses to remove nativity scene!-Posted on AM 690 KHNR-By Baptist Press-On December 22, 2011:
Obama is a traitor!-Posted on WND.com-By Larry Klayman-On December 16, 2011:
U.S. Capitol Christmas Tree Pays Homage to Obama—But Not Jesus!-Posted on CNSNews.com-By Terence P. Jeffrey-On December 19, 2011:
U.N. Adopts ‘Religious Intolerance’ Resolution Championed by Obama Administration!-Posted on CNSNews.com-By Patrick Goodenough-On December 20, 2011:
Report: Europe No Longer the Epicenter of Christianity!-Posed on CNSNews.com-By Elizabeth Harrington-On December 20, 2011:
Several thousand Christians rally for their faith!-Posted on –By By Courtney Friedman-Updated on December 19, 2011:
Obama Has Found Jesus!-Posted on The Patriot Post-By Mark Alexander-On December 8, 2011:
Pitman sign ‘Keep Christ in Christmas’ stirs a controversy!-Posted on The Inquirer-By James Osborne, Inquirer Staff Writer-On December 13, 2011:
Tis the Season For Christmas Phobia!-Posted on Townhall-By Robert Knigh-On December 1, 2011:
DOJ Ignores Christians and Defends Muslims!-Posted on Godfather Politics-By GIACOMO-On November 25, 2011:
Obama Doesn‘t Mention ’God’ in Thanksgiving Message – Problem?-Posted on The Blaze-By Scott Baker-On November 24, 2011:
Video: Obama Doesn‘t Mention ’God’ in Thanksgiving Message – Problem?
Hate crimes — media contradicts FBI report!-Posted on OneNewsNow.com-By Charlie Butts, OneNewsNow-On November 23, 2011:
Feds Cut Rehab Center Funding Because of Bible Reading!-Posted on Godfather Politics-By THE GODFATHER-On November 15, 2011:
Obama Administration Opposes FDR’s Prayer At WWII Memorial!-Posted on The Blaze-By Tiffany Gabbay-On November 4, 2011:
Obama Mocks Congress For ‘In God We Trust’ Vote!-Posted on Business Insider-By Zeke Miller-On November 2, 2011:
Video: Obama Mocks House of Representatives for Affirming ‘In God We Trust’!-Posted on YouTube.com-By gking1000-On November 4, 2011:
The ‘Christian socialist’ clergymen praising the Occupy protests are more socialist than Christian. What about saving souls?-Posted on The Telegraph-By Tim Stanley-On November 2, 2011:
Video: Hot New Ad, Obama Betrays Catholics!-Posted on ExposeObama.com-On November 1, 2011:
Complaint says crosses at Catholic school offensive, prevent Muslim prayers!-Posted on Beliefnet News-By Rob Kerby, Senior Editor-On October 27, 2011:
Pastors fight IRS ban on endorsing candidates!-Posted on The Tennessean-By Bob Smietana, The Tennessean-On October 1, 2011:
Archbishop Warns Obama: You’ll Cause ‘Conflict Between Church and State of Enormous Proportions’!-Posted on CNSNews.com-By Terence P. Jeffrey-On September 29, 2011:
Christian Blogger Ordered to Surrender His Guns!-Posted on WND.com-By Joe Kovacs-On September 29, 2011:
ObamaCare: “An Assault on Religious Freedom”!-Posted on NewAmerican-By JAMES HEISER-On September 28, 2011:
Vanderbilt University nondiscrimination policy called unfair to religious groups!-Posted on The Tennessean-By Michael Cass and Jennifer Brooks, The Tennessean-On September 27, 2011:
Is Prophecy Motivating Fundamentalists to Vote?-Posted on NewAmerican-By JOE WOLVERTON, II-On September 27, 2011:
Moral decline and the end of big ideas!-Posted on The Washington Post-By Francisco Dao-Updated on September 26, 2011:
West Virginia Schools Defend Bible Course Against ACLU!-Posted on Christian Post-By Eryn Sun, Christian Post Reporter-On September 23, 2011:
Why Christianity is a Religion of Peace and Islam is Not!-Posted on Godfather Politics-By THE GODFATHER-On September 26, 2011:
Ex-Muslim Author: Koran Demands ‘Jihad’ & Teaches Believers To ‘Hate’ Christians And Jews!-Posted on The Blaze-By Billy Hallowell-On September 14, 2011:
Air Force Suspends Christian-Themed Ethics Training Program Over Bible Passages!-Posted on FoxNews.com-By Todd Starnes-On August 3, 2011:
Court rejects religious groups’ appeal of SDSU policy!-Posted on SigOnSanDiego.com-By Greg MoranOn August 2, 2011:
Obama Issues Statement Marking Ramadan, But No Easter Statement This Year!-Posted on CNSNews.com-By Penny Starr-On August 2, 2011:
Obama: Screw Easter, Happy Ramadan!-Posted on Floyd Reports-By Ben Johnson, The White House Watch-On August 1, 2011:
Islamic Supremacism Trumps Christianity at Ground Zero!-Posted on American Thinker-By Pamela Geller-On July 22, 2011:
Stop Obama’s Attack on Christianity!-Posted on The Patriot Update-By Michael Reagan-On July 16, 2011:
Korean Choir Comes to Atheistic D.C. to Praise God for USA!-Posted on VickiGoesToWashington.com-By Stewart-On July 16, 2011:
No Separation of Mosque and State!-Posted on NewAmerican-By BRUCE WALKER-On July 12, 2011:
Liberals, Democrats More Likely to Disbelieve Bible!-Posted on CNSNews.com-By Terence P. Jeffrey-On July 9, 2011:
The Great American Awakening!-Posted on MSNBC-By Rep. Jim DeMint-On July 11, 2011:
MSNBC’s Religious Expert Excoriates ‘Radical,’ ‘Theocratic’ Christians Who ‘Hate’ America!-Posted on The Media Research Center-By Scott Whitlock-On July 6, 2011:
Gallup: Blacks Most Religious Group in U.S.!-Posted on CNSNews.com-By Pete Winn-On July 6, 2011:
Religious Censorship at Public Cemetery?-Posted on The Patriot Update-On July 4, 2011:
Forgetting Founders’ tough love!-Posted on The New York Post-By Michael Goodwin-Updated on July 3, 2011:
Manning The Barricades for Virtue and America!-Posted on The Patriot Updae-By Floyd Brown-On July 2, 2011:
Citizens Against Religious Bigotry Stand up to NBC for Removing Under God from our Pledge of Allegiance!-Posted on Citizens Against Bigotry-On July 1, 2011:
NBC Pledge of Allegiance Apology Not Enough for Family Research Council!-Posted on Charisma New Online-By Gina Meeks-On June 24, 2011:
NBC Apologizes For Omitting ‘Under God’ In Video Of Children Reciting Pledge Of Allegiance!-Posted on The Blaze-By Scott Baker-On June 20, 2011:
Are Christianity and patriotism compatible?-Posted on ReadingEagle.com-By Bill Uhrich-On June 26, 2011:
Father’s Day and the Importance of Marriage!-Posted on The Heritage Foundation-On June 17, 2011:
David Tyree: Gay Marriage Will Lead To ‘Anarchy’!-Posted on MyFoxNY.com- By NewsCore-On June 16, 2011:
USA Today challenges Oprah on Jesus Christ: ‘Absolutely contrary to the true teaching of Scripture and historic Christianity’-Posted on WND.com-By Joseph Kovacs-On May 25, 2011:
NFL player seeks to grow Christian apparel company-Posted on LA-Plaquemine Post South-By GateHouse News Service-On May 26, 2011:
The book that changed the world-Posted on theage.com-By Barney Zwartz-ON May 27, 2011:
Is Franklin Graham The Next Jerry Falwell?-Posted on The Sun News-By Tim Funk, McClatchy Newspapers-On May. 22, 2011:
Christianity: Growing, and under siege!-Posted on Star Tribune-By MARK GRANQUIST-On May 22, 2011:
Praying Grads Risk Arrest in Tennessee-Posted on Charisma News Online-By Jennifer LeClaire-On May 20, 2011:
Do Marxism And Christianity Have Anything In Common?-Posted on Forbes-By Bill Flax-On on May 17, 2011:
Men of Faith Should Be Involved in Politics-Posted on The Moral Liberal- By Bryan Fischer-On May 17, 2011:
Secularists, or Just Anti-Christians?-Posted on American Thinker-By Keith Riler-On May 17, 2011:
A Warning to America: Geert Wilders in Nashville, Tennessee 5/12/11-Posted on Family Security Matters-Andrew Bostom-On May 13, 2011:
Obama adviser compared U.S. Christians to al-Qaida: ‘Also likened feared terror group to Jewish ‘totalitarians’ in Israel’-Posted on WND.com-By Aaron Klein-On May 13, 2011:
Muslim Mobs Burn Egyptian Churches Killing 12, Injuring Hundreds-Posted on The Blaze-By Scott Baker-On May 8, 2011:
The Destruction of Churches from a Soldier’s Perspective-Posted on Saving Our Parish-By Thomas G. Kane:
Freshman Representative Says Prayer Needed to Solve America’s Problems-Posted on CNSNews.com-By Penny Starr-On May 5, 2011:
A Timely Call to Prayer-Posted on The Heritage Foundation-On May 5, 2011:
National Day of Prayer Marked After Court Throws Out Constitutionality Challenge-Posted on CNSNews.com-By Penny Starr-On May 5, 2011:
Christian Scholar: America Could Produce Antichrist of the 21st Century-Posted on Christian Post-By Michelle A. Vu, Christian Post Reporter-On May 3, 2011:
Video: Ben Johnson, The Church or the Welfare State?-Posted on ExposeObama.com-On May 1, 2011:
Controversial New Book Depicts Jesus As Homosexual Drug Addict-Posted on The Blaze-By Emily Esfahani Smith-On April 12, 2011:
Harry Reid Omits “Under God” While Citing Pledge Of Allegiance-Posted on RealClearPolitics-On April 12, 2011:
Obama’s 7 ‘Creator’ Omissions-Posted on Townhall-By Chuck Norris-On November 30, 2010:
Time Mag Editor: Koran Is ‘Directly The Word of God,’ Bible Just a Book ‘Written By Man’-Posted on Big Journalism-By Warner Todd Huston-On April 5, 2011:
Franklin Graham: Japan Quake, Tsunami Feels Like End Times-Posted on NewsMax.com-By Chris Gonsalves and Kathleen Walter-On March 18, 2011:
Herman Cain: Obama’s scrubbing Christian heritage ‘intentional’ ‘The majority of people do not want God to be taken out of our culture’-Posted on WND.com-By Drew Zahn-On March 18, 2011:
Spare me the crocodile tears when Northern Africa explodes-Posted on Laigle’s Forum-By Don Hank-On March 20, 2011:
Billboard company: You can question God, not Obama ‘ClearChannel banned ‘birth certificate’ message, welcomes atheists national outdoor ad campaign’-Posted on WND.com-On March 3, 2011:
Obama’s Prayer Breakfast Knuckleball-Posted on American Thinker-By Jack Cashill-On February 7, 2011:
Obama invokes religious themes as 2012 campaign nears-Posted on The Washington Examiner-By Julie Mason-On February 5, 2011:
Persecution of Christians Hits Radar-Posted on Israel National News-By Amiel Ungar-On December 26, 2010:
Feds’ rhetoric imperils Christian values, beliefs-Posted on OneNewsNow.com-By Russ Jones, OneNewsNow-On January 5, 2011:
Video: Probable Cause to Impeach Obama-Posted on ExposeObama.com-On December 19, 2010:
Why Does Religious Freedom Matter?-Posted on The Heritage Foundation-On December 20, 2010:
Faith is the Source of America’s Greatness-Posted on Patriot Update-By Floyd Brown-On December 11, 2010:
Creators of ‘Fireproof’ announce new film on fatherhood: ‘Producer says movie geared to ‘call out the man in men’-Posted on WND.com-By Drew Zahn-On December 10, 2010:
Park Service: Dissing Christians just dandy: ‘Federal agency brushes off mistakes about historical record of founders’-Posted on WND.com-By Bob Unruh-On December 5, 2010:
Give Thanks-Posted on American Vision-By JOEL MCDURMON-On November 26, 2010:
When Jesus’ Nativity is a myth and Obama’s is gospel: ‘Company censors campaign on eligibility, but posts sign discrediting Bible’-Posted on WND.com-On November 26, 2010:
Why Liberals Can’t Deal with Bullying-Posted on American Vision-By GARY DEMAR-On November 8, 2010:
‘ACLU-crafted court order criminalizes Christianity’-Posted on WND.com-By Bob Unruh-On September 24, 2010:
Christianity gets flayed at home of Liberty Bell-Guide: ‘George Washington didn’t even attend church!’-Posted on WND.com-By Bob Unruh-On September 19, 2010:
Tony Perkins: Tea Party a ‘Civil Awakening’-Posted on NewsMax.com-By Dan Weil-On September 18, 2010:
Pope in the UK: Atheists Like Nazis-Posted on NewsMax.com-On September 17, 2010:
Pastors taken to task for political apathy: ‘What we have in America is a preacher problem’-Posted on WND.com-On September 16, 2010:
The birth and death of Christianity:Posted on YouTube.com-By MuslimByChoice-OnFebruary 9, 2007:
Diamond Rio: In God We Still Trust-Posted on YouTube.com-By cjones39-On August 07, 2006:
Video of the Day: Libtalker Worries “A Lot More” About Christians than Muslims-Posted on ExposeObama.com-On September 15, 2010:
Christian faith plus Chinese productivity-Posted on BBC News-By Christopher Landau, BBC News, Wenzhou, China-On August 26, 2010:
HS test ‘slams’ Christianity, lauds Islam-Posted on The New York Post-By YOAV GONEN, Education Reporter-On August 24, 2010:
Note: The following article and/or blog post reveals how the Main Stream Media is assisting President Obama and minions to bring down capitalist America, as the propaganda machine of the neo-fascist Left-You Decide:
Note: The above web site, videos and articles and/or blog posts relate to and/or support my following blog posts-You Decide:
Have the “power elite” and pseudo-experts covertly sold us corruption disguised as freedom?
Religious Leaders Call for Civil Disobedience if Laws Don’t Respect Faith!
Godfather of The Islamic Revolution!
What do American Citizens Know About “Sharia Law” and is It Something That We Should Know More About?
Drawing a Line in the Sand!
Europe’s Looming Demise: Changes on the Continent Cloud Our Future!
Does Europe have a future?
Radical Movement’s Leader Forecasts America’s Demise!
White House Quietly Courts Muslims in U.S.!
Washington Times Calls for Obama’s Impeachment!
Is it time to call for Obama’s resignation!
Restoring Honor In America!
Where Is America Today?
The Russian View of What Has Been Happening In America!
A Nation Adrift Theme and Disclaimer:
“Food For Thought”
“God Bless & Keep Our USA Safe”